Cultural Heritage Experiences
In Caión, the first highlight can be found on the seafront promenade. This is the permanent exhibition of the fishing archive Arquivo da Pesca. In this place we can find out about the history and the fishing culture of this village, from the old whaling ships to encircling nets and small scale fishing, with the octopus and the barnacle as the main catches.
In our trip through the highlands of Bergantiños, we will go to the small city of Carballo. In the Southern area of the council, in a beautiful natural coastal place, we visit one of the oldest chapels in the council, San Paio de Entrecruces Chapel, th from the 16 Century, with an amazing ribbed the vault characteristic of the Gothic style. On the 15 of January the pilgrimage Romería San Paio da Devesa, also known as San Paio de Enero, takes place there. Pilgrims go to the fountain Fuente Santa to get water and wash themselves, curing their ills. This privileged area is less than one kilometre away from the well-known waterfall Férveda de Entrecruces, a small 40-metre-high waterfall of the river Outón over the fault of the Meridian Hollow, the most important fissure crossing Galicia, from Carballo to Tui. This fault led to the formation of valleys where a large number of people settled and which are now cities such as Carballo, Pontevedra or
We will begin our tour in the parish of (which means colours in Galician), a name that evokes happiness and desires to live unique experiences in the amazing Costa da Morte. Here we have to stop at the singular San Martiño Church, a construction of Romanesque origin, a style that can found in the North side door, crowned by a semicircular arch with chequered archivolts and columns with ornamented capitals. In the chancel of the building there are two sepulchres from the 6-7 century that are framed by the columns of the original door of this Romanesque church. Both outside and inside the church there are some remains found in the nearby estates. We must highlight two Roman altars and, overall, the pre-Roman fertility goddess of Santa Mariña do Remuíño Chapel, located on the outside wall of the chancel.
Costa da Morte has a valuable megalithic archaeological heritage: prehistoric funeral monuments and uncut large stones the end to bury the dead. They were made by those who lived there between the 5 and 2 millennium before Christ, that is, between the Neolithic period and the Bronze Age. They were collective burial sites and sometimes there were grave goods.
We will leave Camelle to continue our tour towards Santa Mariña. Before starting going up the narrow road, we will stop at the singular Santa María de Xaviña church, the only one that has two bell gables and the oldest church in the council. Its the construction dates from the 12 century, but it has changed over the years. We must highlight its corbels and the trilobulated window on the facade, being both medieval elements.
This experience tour of Terras de Soneira and Nemancos takes place around the old Monastery of Moraime, where the Benedictine Order settled down. The importance of this settlement led to the proliferation of Romanesque buildings such as the churches we will visit and to the creation of the town of A Barca, where the most important pilgrimage in this area is celebrated. The monks stocked up on conger eels in the harbours, which were dried by sailors for their conservation and later commercialization. In the 19th century the main export was the bobbin lace from, mainly, A Ponte do Porto (Camariñas) and Muxía.
This experience tour will take us to some regions of the interior of Costa da Morte through the councils of Vimianzo, Zas, Dumbría and Mazaricos. We will discover castros (celtic fortifications) where our ancestors used to live, pazos (Galician country houses) belonging to the nobility, churches and chapels, cemeteries full of colours, mills and fulling mills where grain was ground and fabrics were made, bridges and a castle as well. Do you fancy coming?
In this experience tour we will visit the councils bathed by the estuary of Corcubión from Fisterra to Carnota. Our tour will begin at the edge of Costa da Morte, at cape Cabo Fisterra (from Latin finis terrae), one of the most western points in the world. Here, the Lighthouse of Fisterra has guided navigation since 1853, being helped by the Vaca, a siren which produces a warning sound when the fog does not allow us to see the light of the lighthouse. The Vaca is in the furthest building we can see and was first used in 1889, being the first one on the Spanish coast. If you go there, you can look for the metal horns coming out of the windows. Their shape resembles the horns of a cow and it sounds like a mooing. On our way back, do not miss a place known as semáforo (traffic lights), the first building we could see when we arrived. It was built for the emission of military signs, but currently houses a hotel and a restaurant.